DISCUSSION: As with question 24, you should be able to support the right answer from the passage. If you don’t, you’re just guessing.
- The author never criticizes researchers. The old research is still true; the new research just expands on it.
- The author thinks there is enough research support for these ideas. That’s why they talk about the Falklands war as confirmation of the theories…they think the theories are correct.
- CORRECT. The Falklands war was an example of stupid risk taking to avoid a loss. Britain felt it had lost the Falklands, so it likely would have been willing to risk huge danger to get them back.
- The whole passage argues against this. Governments will avoid risk, unless they fear a loss. In that case, they’ll take really dumb risks. It’s scary, but not hard to understand.
- This is never mentioned. As far as we know, the earlier research is consistent with the new research.
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