QUESTION TYPE: Necessary Assumption
CONCLUSION: Rocks in a Japanese garden should look different from each other.
REASONING: Japanese gardens should be in harmony with nature. Rocks found in nature look different from each other.
ANALYSIS: The argument is assuming that only something that imitates nature can be in harmony with nature.
- It isn’t necessary that the selection of rocks obeys every key value. It’s only necessary that the selection obeys the key value of harmony with nature.
- CORRECT. If imitation of nature doesn’t improve harmony with nature then we have no reason to imitate nature in our Japanese gardens.
- There could be other criteria. It’s only necessary that harmony with nature is a criterion for selecting rocks.
- This doesn’t matter. Presumably making a garden is not “natural.” But we can still try to keep our garden in harmony with nature.
- It isn’t necessary that each component is varied. There might be some aspects of nature that don’t vary: in that case we should do the same in our gardens.
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