QUESTION TYPE: Necessary Assumption
CONCLUSION: Genetics lets us associate certain facial expressions with distinct emotions.
REASONING: Humans across cultures can associate certain facial expressions with distinct emotions.
ANALYSIS: This is a bad argument. It did correctly shown that humans are all able to match facial expressions to emotions.
But then the argument concludes that genetics are responsible. That’s possible, but not certain. Genetics aren’t responsible for everything.
- If an actor looks sad, everyone will recognize the emotion. It doesn’t matter whether the actor actually feels sad. This is irrelevant.
- Same as A. This refers to the emotions people feel. That doesn’t matter. We only care about the emotions people recognize in others’ expressions.
- This would weaken the argument. The author says that behaviors common across cultures are genetically influenced.
- CORRECT. The negation is ‘behaviors common across cultures probably aren’t genetically predisposed’. That definitely hurts the argument.
- This doesn’t matter. The main point is that people from different cultures all recognized the same emotions.
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Graeme teaches how to break down arguments, quickly