QUESTION TYPE: Flawed Reasoning
CONCLUSION: Crying reduces emotional stress.
REASONING: Stress produces hormones. Crying removes those hormones.
ANALYSIS: This is a causation-correlation error. Stress produces hormones. That doesn’t mean hormones cause stress.
Hormones may just be a side effect. In that case, removing them would be useless.
- A nonsense answer. The argument didn’t prove that crying reduces emotional stress, so it’s useless to argue about how it reduces stress.
- This describes a sufficient-necessary error. That’s a different error. (We don’t know that the hormones are required for stress by the way. It’s possible stress still occurs even if hormones are artificially blocked)
- This answer says that two things might both influence each other. That’s a valid point in general, but it doesn’t apply to this argument. There’s no two-way influence that we know of.
- A different error. All the elements are clearly separated in this stimulus.
- CORRECT. The argument assumes that hormones cause stress, because the body produces them when we are stressed. But it could be that they’re just a byproduct, and removing them has no effect.
Need help with LR? → Sign up hereTry the LSAT Hacks Course
Graeme teaches how to break down arguments, quickly