QUESTION TEXT: Several three-year-olds who had learned to count…
QUESTION TYPE: Principle
- Some three years olds who could count could not remember their own phone numbers.
- The children did manage to remember their phone numbers once they were taught a song containing their phone numbers.
ANALYSIS: Remember, you are looking for a principle illustrated by the situation. So the stimulus is an example, and the right answer has a principle that matches.
You are not trying to support the stimulus, and you’re not trying to figure out what could be true based on the stimulus. You want the stimulus to be an example illustrating the right answer.
All we know here is that songs seem to be useful.
- Tempting, but there might have been other ways the children could have learned. For instance, a nursery rhyme.
- The children knew the words to express numbers. They just couldn’t remember their phone numbers.
- This goes too far. The situation doesn’t show that the songs were the best method; the children didn’t try any other methods beyond those they came up with on their own. We just know songs were useful.
- We have no idea how the children learned to count. And we have no indication that the children don’t know the meaning of numbers.
- CORRECT. This is all we can say. Songs appear to have helped. We don’t know if songs are the best method, or the only method, but they helped.
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