DISCUSSION: Philosophers like physics because philosophers seem to have gotten it into their heads that science requires universal laws. Physics uses universal laws, so philosophers think physics is superior to biology. (Biology doesn’t use many universal laws).
- Some biologists disagree with the philosophers: they don’t think biology should have universal laws. It’s not simply that the laws are harder to discover. These biologists say there are none to discover. That annoys the philosophers.
- The philosophers don’t seem to care what the public thinks. The public is never mentioned. Philosophers care mainly about universal laws. See lines 3-7.
- Universities and research institutes are never mentioned. We’re not told whether they prefer physics to biology, or vice-versa.
- We’re not told anything about the personal or professional lives of these philosophers of science. Maybe they aren’t even teachers.
- CORRECT. Physicists study planets and other phenomena that can be explained using universal laws. Biology is hard to explain using universal laws. Philosophers like universal laws, so they like physics.
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