DISCUSSION: The passages’ only point of overlap is communication in general. Passage A doesn’t mention lying. Passage B doesn’t talk about vocalizations.
(I searched all of passage B, there’s no mention of animals making sounds. Only the vaguer “communication” is used. Communication can refer to many non-vocal forms.)
- Prevaricating means lying. Only passage two talks about lies.
Because passage A does mention goals. , so I could see how this would be a tempting answer if you didn’t know what prevaricating meant. However, passage B didn’t mention goals. The intent in passage B refers to intended meaning, not intended outcome. For instance, 51-52 “intention regarding their use” refers to the use (understanding) of signs communicated. It doesn’t refer to any outcome of communication.
- CORRECT. Whether animal communication is intentional is the only point in common between the two passages.
For specific line references showing this: see lines 6-10 and 27-29 in passage A. See lines 34-35 and 53-55 in passage B.
- Neither passage addresses this. Passage A does give some examples of stimuli, but it doesn’t discuss in general what sorts of stimuli prompt vocalizations.
Passage B doesn’t even mention animal vocalizations. For instance, the honeybees are communicating by waggles, not sounds.
- Passage B doesn’t even talk about non-human primates. This can’t possibly be right.
- Neither passage mentions consensus. This answer was probably put in for people who read a lot of news about global warming.
Passage A doesn’t even mention the possibility of multiple views.
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