QUESTION TEXT: An instructor presented two paintings to a…
QUESTION TYPE: Most Strongly Supported
FACTS: Students always preferred the painting that the instructor said had hung in prestigious museums.
ANALYSIS: We can only make a limited statement about these two paintings: the students seemed to be influenced by the professor’s description description. That’s all.
We can’t make any general statements amateur art or paintings that are in prestigious museums.
- This is an extreme statement. The students might like some amateur art. But they might like prestigious art even more.
- If both paintings were made by amateurs then the instructor was only lying half of the time.
- This is also pretty extreme. Some people don’t like abstract or religious art, for example. But plenty of that hangs in prestigious museums.
- CORRECT. Otherwise, both groups probably would have preferred the same painting.
- We have no idea. Maybe the effect of the lie was so powerful that it badly distorted the results. It could be that almost everyone would have preferred one painting over the other if they were presented neutrally.
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