DISCUSSION: The passage’s author seems to believe that authoritarian governments will inevitably be pushed towards the democratic changes mention in lines 59-60. And if authoritarian governments don’t make changes, then they will lose power (lines 5-7).
- The first paragraph implies that the democratic changes are real. If the changes were just superficial then it’s unlikely that the rulers could hold onto power. Society demands real change.
- The motives of authoritarian rulers are clear: keep power. The passage says changes in society are what lead to the end of authoritarian rule.
- CORRECT. The author seems certain that most authoritarian societies will change in the ways he describes (lines 50-52). That will force authoritarian rulers to make the changes described in lines 59-60.
- We tend to dislike authoritarian rulers. But the author doesn’t say what they think of them. So be careful about bringing in unwarranted outside assumptions. Not everyone dislikes dictators.
- Lines 50-52 show that the author believes most authoritarian societies will undergo the changes mentioned, and force democratic change.
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